Common Bloodwork Taken by a Primary Care Physician

Most of Americans only see the doctor when they are ill, but there are many reasons for seeing a primary care physician on a regular basis. The PCP orders common bloodwork that can help determine if there is cause for concern.

Complete Blood Count

A complete blood count is a routine lab test that looks at your blood for certain markers. These markers can indicate disorders in the blood. After you have the blood drawn, the biomedical specimen pick-up Pennsylvania takes it to the lab where it is processed. The results can let you know if you have anemia due to low levels of hemoglobin or hematocrit in red blood cells. Increased white blood cell counts can indicate anything from a simple infection to cancer.

Thyroid Panel Lab

Checking the thyroid is critical if the doctor feels it is enlarged. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid doesn’t produce enough T3 and T4 while hyperthyroidism happens when it produces too much of the hormones. Metabolism, mood and energy generation come from the thyroid. When it doesn’t work properly, you can experience weight gain or loss, depression, anxiety abd a lack of energy.

Basic Metabolic Panel

The basic metabolic panel is an all-around test that looks for changes in the kidneys, lungs and glucose. To keep the muscles, nerves and heart properly functioning, the body needs to maintain a proper electrolyte panel which focuses on chloride, sodium and potassium. Albumin, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine can indicate an issue with the kidneys.

Fasting Before Tests

It is important to fast before some tests such as those testing cholesterol levels and blood sugar. Fasting makes sure the test properly reads instead of picking up the higher glucose levels from your large breakfast. Your doctor will inform you whether or not you need to fast. Many of these tests can be combined using one or two vials of blood. Fasting before the appointment can ensure you get all the tests you need in one shot.